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Scales

Scale means stairs. It helps to understand, to imagine that each note of the scale is a new step on the stairs. Scales are used in all music. They are used when you need to improvise, play a song or play a riff on the guitar. Once you have learned to think melodies in scales, you will find that it all becomes easier to understand - and thus also to play. First, a little theory. If you know the Circle of fifths, you can use it in your further study of the scales. In Circle of fifths you can see that the top chord outside the circle C major. Inside the circle, A minor, called for parallel tone of C major. That means the two chords contain the same tones - starting tone is simply different. C-major: C, D, E, F, G, A, B A-minor: A, B, C, D, E, F, G Major and minor scales contains 7 different tones. Pentatonic scales contain five notes (penta is Latin and means five). Pentatonic scales are best known for their blues-like appearance, but is used in virtually all styles. Major: Consist of seven different tones in the structure 1-1-½-1-1-1-½. An important characteristic is the major third on the 3rd step (that characterize major) and the major 7th ( leading-tone to the root).
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/div Major pentatonic: Consist of five different tones in the structure 1-1-1½-1-1½. The scale can be considered a major scale without the 4th and the 7th.
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/div Natural minor: Consist of seven different tones in the structure 1-½-1-1-½-1-1. An important characteristic is the minor third on the 3rd step (characterizes minor) and the minor 7th. The major scale and the natural minor scale is parallel keys (e.g. C major and A minor). The parallel minor scale has always keynote one minor third below the key note in the major scale.
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/div Minor pentatonic: Consist of five different tones in the structure 1½-1-1½-1-1. The scale can be seen as a natural minor scale without the 2nd and 6th.
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