When you want to learn to play guitar, one of the hardest disciplines to get it in tune. It is important that your guitar always is in perfect tune, partly because it sounds much better, but also because you initially have to learn to hear the proper intervals between the tones.
You can tune your guitar in two ways:
- Absolute (the strings is tuned in correct pitch, e.g. by using a tuner)
- Relative (the strings is is tune with each other, but maybe not with other instruments)
It requires that your guitar is 100% in tune when you want to play with others or play along to songs on this page. For that we use a tuner, or a instrument that gives the exact tones and frequencies that we need. The most important thing about absolute tuning is that you can hear when two tones match (unless you are using a digital tuner that shows you exactly when the string is in tune). You can also use the Soundslice player in the bottom of this page to tune your guitar.
When the guitar is tuned relatively, it means that its stringent is tuned compared to each other. The guitar is not necessarily tuned with other instruments. The deep E-string, has an absolute frequency assigned to it, but if the tone is not exactly in tune it does not matter, unless you are going to play with others who have difficulty tuning in after you. What is important is only that the following strings (A, D, G, B and E) is in tune with the deep E-string.
Let us try to tune the guitar without the use of aids. Place your index finger on the deep E-strings 5th fret and play the tone. Play the A-string and adjust the tone until the tone is similar to the E-strings 5th fret.
When they sound the same, you can tune the D-string in the same way. Put your index finger on the A-strings 5th fret and play the tone. Adjust the D-string to that tone. Continue on the remaining strings. Note that G-string must be pressed at the fourth band.
You have now tuned your guitar so that all the strings is in tune with one another. At present, it is always good to play a chord that uses all 6 strings. For example, an open E. Do you think it sounds wrong, go through the strings again.
#1 Tune up to pitch:
When you tune a guitar string, always start below the desired note and tune up to pitch not down to pitch. This will help prevent the string from going flat during play. If the note is too high you can stretch the string to give it some slack then tighten it.
#2 New strings:
New strands have a tendency to expand, thereby often go out of tune. Depending on how much you play, this may continue for longer or shorter periods. One thing you can do to promote the process, is to stretch the strings themselves when they are attached to the guitar. Grasp each string around 12. band and pull thoroughly in each string. Then tune the strings and do it all over again until the pitch no longer fall significantly.
#3 Other tunings:
The tones used in this lesson are E, A, D, G, B, E. This is called the standard tuning, but you should know that there are many other ways to tune the guitar. Some bands use different tunings to create new interesting riffs and harmonies. Do not be afraid to tune the guitar in new ways. This is a good way to develop both your style and your compositional skills.
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